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Medal for the Establishment of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, 28 June 1765
  • Medal for the Establishment of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, 28 June 1765
  • Medal for the Establishment of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, 28 June 1765
  • Medal for the Establishment of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, 28 June 1765
  • Medal for the Establishment of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, 28 June 1765
  • Medal for the Establishment of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, 28 June 1765

Medal for the Establishment of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, 28 June 1765

CODE: 03071201


Price: 5,000.00

1 item(s)
 
10 days

 

Historical Medal in memory of  opening of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg on the 28th June, 1765

St. Petersburg Mint.

Medallists: obverse - I.G. Wachter, reverse - P.L. Vernier 

The inscription on the obverse side of the coin: "Ekaterina. II. Patroness. "

Bust of Catherine II in the crown and mantle;

On the reverse: rectangular monolith, painting symbols on it (the palette and brushes), Sculpture (hammer, sculpture and bust) and Architecture (columns with capitals). At the cut line: «LVERNIER F» (Louis Vernier performed), in exergue: "BE SUCH A HARD” (ТАКО ТВЕРДЫ ПРЕБУДИТЕ), St. Petersburg: IMPERATORS: ACADEM: Celebration: DEDICATED: JUNE: 28: D: 1765:"

 

Bronze, weight 62.37 grams, diameter  52 mm,

Grading:  XF, Diakov 128.2, R 3 (very rare). 

 

 Graduate School of Russian masters of art and artistic centre of the country - the "Academy of Fine Arts three noblest" - was established at the initiative of Mikhail Lomonosov and Shuvalov decree of the Senate in 1757. Classes began in 1758 in  art, sculpture,  architecture and medal carving.

November 4, 1764 royal decree of Empress Catherine II approved the "Privilege and the Charter of the Imperial Academy of Arts of three noblest" - legal recognition of self-worth and self-government of artistic activity. Under Elizabeth, the "Three noblest Arts Academy" was just a branch of Moscow University. In the lobby of the Academy have survived to the present day the mosaic on the floor of the Roman numerals - MDCCLXIV - date of the Academy establishment.

 The ceremony of inauguration (or dedication), "the Imperial Academy of Arts of three noblest" of the future with a bookmark stone building with the Church of St. John of Damascus (later the church was consecrated in honour of St.Catherine) was held July 7, 1765 on Vasilevsky Island in St. - Petersburg.

  The young queen has given the nature of the ceremony events of national importance – that’s why celebration was dedicated on June 28, 1764 (the day of accession of Catherine II to the throne), and then moved exactly one year - but then again it was postponed to July 7. The ceremony was attended not only by teachers and students - for whom specially for this day were sewn caftans cherry colour and shape - but also well-known artists, as well as military leaders, princes, ambassadors, Mistress and maid of honour court. The Academy was decorated inside and outside with garlands of flowers.... on the Neva there were two imperial yachts with cannons firing. All this happened without Shuvalov, who went abroad for a long time.

 President of the Academy was appointed experienced courtier and a fan of the French Enlightenment ideas I.I.Betskoy, who founded the Academy of Educational School, which lasted until 1797. Recruited from the families of artisans, retired officers and soldiers the five-year-old boys were trained not only in painting, sculpture, architecture, engraving, but the medal carving, jewellery, watchmaking craftsmanship, casting, metalwork and woodwork, singing, music and dance. Full course took 15 years, during which the pupil could not meet with the parents. Children lived in the Academy itself. The main task of the president was a need for a "new generation of people who are free from the shortcomings of society," so one of the most important things was the education.

 ….“We started with a drawing - at first comprehend a simple line drawing without, and then proceeded to copy the samples (prints of paintings by the best masters or drawings), plaster antique models, and, finally, drawing from the nude. In parallel with the drawing artists began to write with nudity, sculptors - sculpt it, and architects have been studying the orders, measuring, washing with architectural elements, design and small decorative park structures, and then the creation of large-scale three-dimensional composition.”

 Along with this, the Academy taught plastic anatomy, architectural graphics, general subjects, and languages. Finishing the course the execution is quite complex compositional work in their chosen specialty. The most gifted, whose works are marked with gold medals first or second "dignity" went to the "pensioner" journey to improve skills (usually in Italy and France).

 

In honour of the inauguration (consecration) of the Academy medallists Johann Wachter and Pierre Louis Vernier created the commemorative medal, which in addition to representational and even served for rewarding students, in this case the grants were provided.

 

 

Wachter Johann Georg (Johann Georg Wächter, 1724 - 1800), a medallist, the brother of the German medallist Wachter Georg Christoph. Since 1741 he worked as a coin carver at the St. Petersburg Mint. J.G. Wachter created many medals for the historical events of the reigns of Elizabeth (1741 - 1762) and Catherine II (1762 - 1796). Signatures «G.C.W.», «G.C.W.F(ecit)». 

 

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